Seafood is an integral part of the Japanese culture and comprises more than 40% of animal protein consumed each year. Japan is the third leading seafood importer in the world, importing 2.54 million tonnes of seafood valued at US$ 13.8 billion in 2014. Previous studies have shown that as much as 20–32 % of seafood imported by USA is of IUU origin.
“In the absence of reliable traceability systems and enforcement capacity, countries in the developing world often certify and export products without adequate provenance”
Investigation of illegal and unreported fishing in source countries indicates that 24–36% of 2.15 million tonnes of wild-seafood imports to Japan in 2015 were of illegal and unreported origin, valued at $1.6 to $2.4 billion. A supply chain case study of crab imported from Russia illustrates the intricacies of trade in illegal seafood products in the Asia-Pacific region.
Read the full paper here: Pramod, G., Pitcher, T. J., & Mantha, G. (2017) Estimates of illegal and unreported seafood imports to Japan. Marine Policy, 84, 42-51.