Illegal and Unreported Fishing: Global Analysis of Incentives and a Case Study Estimating Illegal and Unreported Catches from India

Download reportUBC - PhD Thesis 2012

Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has been identified as one of the important drivers affecting sustainable management of fish stocks worldwide. The thesis employs three approaches to identify and evaluate drivers of illegal and unreported fishing worldwide. First, a case study approach was used to determine adequacy of monitoring control and surveillance in fisheries of 41 countries. Results demonstrate that MCS is poor with both developing and developed countries having problems in this area. The second approach used 1211 illegal fishing penalty cases in 109 countries to show that low penalties provide incentives for IUU fishing to persist in many EEZs. Finally a detailed analysis of the Indian EEZ exemplifies the problems of developing countries by evaluating various stages where illegal and unreported catches occur in commercial and small-scale fisheries. Results from each of the nine maritime states in India (including the remote Andaman and Nicobar Islands) reveal that 45,000 to 60,000 tonnes is taken annually by illegal foreign fishing vessels, while 1.2 million tonnes of discards and 293,000 tonnes remain unreported in the small-scale and commercial trawl fisheries.

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Author: Pramod Ganapathiraju

Dr Pramod is Fisheries Consultant with extensive experience working with Governments, Researchers, NGOs and coastal fishing communities throughout the Asia and Pacific Regions, Africa, Caribbean, USA and Canada. He has published numerous articles in a range of peer-reviewed journals, books, drafted MSC Pre-Assessments and NGO reports. He has worked extensively on Illegal fishing and Monitoring Control & Surveillance projects with a focus on compliance and enforcement worldwide. With more than 18 years of global experience he is currently working on projects for various clients evaluating fisheries compliance, developing MCS operational procedures and estimating illegal fishing in several countries.Consulting and research experience spans more than 18 countries in Southeast Asia (India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Sri Lanka etc.), Western Pacific (Indonesia, Philippines), West Africa, Caribbean and North America. His consulting and research work is focused towards finding policy solutions to fisheries management issues, improving traceability, catch certification, fisheries governance and analyzing risks associated with illegal fishing products in the Global Supply Chains.